Epileptic seizures are disorders of the brain caused by an increased number of brief electrical discharges of nerve cells. There are more than thirty forms of epileptic seizures and even more forms of epilepsy because these can also involve combinations of several different types of seizures. Every person affected by epilepsy generally has only one form of epilepsy with one to three seizure types. The intervals between the individual seizures can vary from seconds to years or even decades.
The word epilepsy comes from the Greek and means “to be seized or clutched” or “to be afflicted with something or be captured by something”. In ancient times epilepsy was also referred to as “Morbus sacer” or “holy disease” which gave it special recognition that it sometimes still has today. Many people, if asked to describe an epileptic seizure, would likely describe it is something like this; Someone screams suddenly out of the blue, loses consciousness, then becomes stiff, possibly bites his tongue and collapses. He holds his breath and turns blue, has arm and leg spasms for a certain period of time, until out of exhaustion, he falls into a kind of deep sleep. Afterwards, he might complain of abnormal fatigue, headache, dizziness, or muscle aches. Sometimes it can progress to involuntary urination. It is true that this description is apt for a frequent form of epileptic seizure (the so-called grand mal seizure or generalised tonic-clonic seizure), however this type of seizure is only one of many.
Epilepsies are a group of entirely diverse disorders. What is common to all of them is that seizures occur from time to time, usually without any warning sign. Epileptic seizures are caused by functional disturbances of the brain. Their clinical manifestation is dependent to a great extent on which area of the brain is malfunctioning. […]Click to Expand
A generally valid definition and one that is applicable to all epileptic seizure forms could be the following: Epileptic seizures are relatively brief, sudden changes in consciousness, reasoning, behaviour, memory, senses, or sensation, or the tensing of the musculature due to a temporary functional disturbance of the nerve cells in the brain in the form […]Click to Expand
Epileptic seizures are disorders of the brain caused by an increased number of brief electrical discharges of nerve cells. There are more than thirty forms of epileptic seizures and even more forms of epilepsy because these can also involve combinations of several different types of seizures. Every person affected by epilepsy generally has only one […]Click to Expand
Epileptic seizures can have very diverse manifestations. They can occur without screaming or loss of consciousness, without stiffening, tongue biting, and collapsing, without turning blue or having convulsions. They can be so harmless that neither the person affected realises it nor the non-expert notices anything when they directly observe a seizure. The only sign of […]Click to Expand
Every nerve cell and every cluster of nerve cells in the brain can become ‘epileptic’, leading to disruption or discontinuation of their normal activity. If the cells are responsible for the sense of smell an olfactory disturbance results. If they are normally responsible for sight, the perception of light flashes or other light stimuli can […]Click to Expand
The expression “epileptic attacks” is a collective designation behind which there can be very diverse disorders. However, for many people the cause of seizures is still elusive even with the methods available today. Not every epileptic-like attack is synonymous with epilepsy. For example, almost every person will experience an epileptic seizure under the following conditions: […]Click to Expand
Epilepsy still belongs to the health disorders that are met with a variety of false perceptions and prejudices by the public even though specialized knowledge particularly in this area has increased tremendously in the past decades. The famous Greek doctor Hippocrates (460 – 375 BC) recognized that epilepsy was due to a disturbance in the […]Click to Expand
At Desitin Pharma Ltd we recognise and support the important work of patient organisations to improve the quality of life for epilepsy patients in the UK. We also regularly work with healthcare professionals on a range of issues relevant to our products and the epilepsy disease area. The advice, insight and knowledge we can gain […]Click to Expand